From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
- January 1 - Britain and its colonies adopt the idea that January 1st should be New Year's Day, following adoption of the Gregorian calendar in September 1752. The concept was first conceived in 1582, but suffered from slow public adoption.
- James Lind writes 'A Treatise of the Scurvy'
- Tobias Smollett writes 'Ferdinand Count Fathom'
- Robert Wallace writes 'On the Numbers of Man'
Year in topic
- March 8 - William Roscoe, English writer (died 1831)
- March 26 - Benjamin Thompson, physicist and inventor (died 1814)
- May 8 - Miguel Hidalgo, Catholic priest, known as "the Father of Mexican Independence" (died 1811)
- May 13 - Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, mathematician (died 1823)
- August 10 - Edmund Randolph, American politician (died 1813)
- August 12 - Thomas Bewick, English wood engraver (died 1828)
- September 10 - John Soane, British architect (died 1837)
- December 3 - Samuel Crompton, inventor of the spinning mule (died 1827)
- Phillis Wheatley, American poet, born in Africa (died 1784)
- January 11 - Sir Hans Sloane, physician (born 1660)
- January 14 - George Berkeley, philosopher (born 1685)
- Balthasar Neumann, German Rococo architect and military engineer (born 1687)
- Jacques Aubert, French violinist and composer (born 1689)
- Richard Boyle Burlington, 3rd Earl of Burlington, Anglo-Irish architectural patron and architect (born 1685)
- Gottfried Silbermann, German organ builder and harpsichord maker (born 1683)
- China - Qianlong Emperor of China, Qing Dynasty (reigned from October 18, 1735 to February 9, 1796)
- France - Louis XV King of France (reigned from 1715 to 1774)
- Great Britain - George II King of Great Britain (reigned from June 11, 1727 to October 25, 1760)
- Prussia - Frederick II King of Prussia (reigned from 1740 to 1786)
- Russia - Elizabeth Empress of Russia (reigned from 1741 to January 5, 1762)
- Saxony - Frederick Augustus II Elector of Saxony (from 1733 to 1763) (also King of Poland)
- Sweden - Adolf Frederick of Sweden King of Sweden (reigned from 1751 to 1771)