From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
- January 12 - The first American museum open to the public is opened in (Charleston, South Carolina).
- January 17 - Captain James Cook becomes the first European explorer to cross the Antarctic Circle
- April 27 or May 10 - The British Parliament passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
- May 8 - Ali Bey dies of wounds received in a skirmish with Ottoman rebels
- October 12 - America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Williamsburg, Virginia.
- December 16 - Boston Tea Party
- Antigua Guatemala is destroyed by an earthquake and the capital of Guatemala is moved to Guatemala City
- Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II expels Jesuits from the Empire, and Pope Clement XIV orders the dissolution of the Society of Jesus.
- Baron de Morveau experiments with chlorine as a disinfectant
- Daniel Boone leads some pioneers into Kentucky. "Native American Indians" attack, and Boone's son is killed
- Hilaire Rouelle discovers urea
Year in topic
- January 27 - Prince Augustus of Great Britain, later Duke of Sussex, sixth son of King George III
- February 9 - William Henry Harrison, President of the United States (+ 1841)
- May 15 - Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, statesman (+ 1859)
- May 19 - Arthur Aikin, English chemist and mineralogist
- July 5 - Prince Louis of Bourbon-Parma, later King of Etruria
- October 6 - Louis Philippe, Duc de Chartres, later Duc d'Orleans and King of the French.
- December 27 - Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer.
Heads of states
- China - Qianlong Emperor of China, Qing Dynasty (reigned from October 18, 1735 to February 9, 1796)
- France - Louis XV King of France (1715-1774)
- Holy See - Clement XIV pope (1769-1774)
- Prussia - Frederick II King of Prussia (1740-1786)
- Spain - Charles III King of Spain (1759-1788)
- Sweden - Gustav III King of Sweden (1771-1792)