From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
- January 7 - First nationwide United States election
- January 21 - The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts
- January 23 - Georgetown College becomes the first Catholic college in the United States (Washington, DC).
- February 4 - George Washington is unanimously elected to be the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
- March 4 - At Federal Hall in New York City, the first United States Congress meets and declares the new Constitution of the United States is in effect.
- April 1 - At Federal Hall in New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker.
- April 28 - Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against Captain William Bligh
- April 30 - George Washington officially begins his term as the 1st President of the United States with his inauguration at Federal Hall in New York City.
- July 9 - In Versailles, the National Constituent Assembly is formed by the French National Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
- July 10 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.
- July 14 - French Revolution: Parisians storm the Bastille Prison in Paris and free seven political prisoners.
- July 27 - The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (later renamed Department of State).
- August 4 - The feudal system is abolished in France.
- August 7 - The United States War Department is established.
- September 2 - United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
- September 29 - War Department first establishes regular army with strength of several hundred men.
- November 6 - Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States.
- November 20 - New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
- November 21 - North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 12th U.S. state.
- Beginning of the French Revolution
- Change of Ottoman sultan of the Ottoman Empire from Abd-ul-Hamid I (1773-1789) to Selim III (1789-1807)
- Thomas Jefferson brings the first macaroni machine to the United States
- The Judiciary Act established the Supreme Court of the United States and the federal judiciary.