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Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 10 - Marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled
- February 11 - Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria.
- April 19 - Venezuela achieves home rule: Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
- May 10 - Revolutionary occupation of Buenos Aires town hall.
- May 25 - Armed citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Viceroy from Spain and establish a provincial government for Argentina.
- July - Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland.
- July 20 - Colombia declares independence from Spain.
- King George III of England recognized as insane
- September 8 - The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six month journey around the tip of South America, the ship will arrive at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor's men will establish fur-trading town of Astoria.
- September 16 - national Independence Day of the Republic of Mexico
- October 12 - First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Louis of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
Year in topic
- February 11 - Loisa Puget, composer
- February 22 - Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer (+ 1849)
- March 1 - Frederic Chopin, French-Polish composer
- March 2 - Pope Leo XIII (+ 1903)
- May 23 - Margaret Fuller, journalist, feminist (+ 1850)
- July 21 - Henri Victor Regnault chemist and physicist
- Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie - traveler
- Robert Schumann, composer, pianist
- Henry Rowe, Gothic architect
Heads of states