From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 19 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust premieres
- March 4 - Andrew Jackson succeeds John Quincy Adams as the President of the United States of America.
- March 22 - Greece receives autonomy from the Ottoman Empire. This effectively ends the Greek War of Independence. Greece continues to seek full independence through diplomatic negotiations with the Empire as well as with Russia, France and Britain.
- June 10 - Oxford University win the first Boat Race.
- July 23 - In the United States, William Burt patents the first typewriter.
- August 8 - The Prince de Polignac succeeds the Vicomte de Martignac as Prime Minister of France.
- September 16 - Treaty of Adrianople ends the Russo-Turkish War. Russia gains territory at the mouth of the Danube and along the eastern coast of the Black Sea.
- October - George Stephenson's steam locomotive, The Rocket, wins The Rainhill Trials held near Liverpool.
- December 4 - In the face of fierce opposition, British Lord William Bentinck carries a regulation declaring that all who abetted suttee in India were guilty of culpable homicide.
- Peel's Metropolitan Police Act.
- Religious freedom restored in Ireland (see History of Ireland)
- typewriter is patented
- The last of the HMS Bounty mutineers dies at Pitcairn Island.
Year in topic
- January 3 - Konrad Duden, philologist (+ 1911)
- January 21 - King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway
- February 2 - Alfred Brehm, zoologist (+ 1884)
- February 11 - William Anderson Pile Bvt Major General (Union volunteers).
- February 26 - Levi Strauss, clothing designer (+ 1902)
- March 16 - Sully Prudhomme, laureate of the first Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901
- May 5 - Shusaku Honinbo, Go player (+ 1862)
- September 7 - Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, chemist (benzene ring)
- November 28 - Anton Rubinstein, pianist and composer