From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- First ever international Cricket match played in New York City between Canada and the United States.
- January 15 - University of Notre Dame receives its charter from Indiana.
- February 27 - The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti.
- May 23 - Persian Prophet The Báb announces His revelation, founding Bábism
- May 24 - First electrical telegram sent by Samuel Morse from Baltimore, Maryland to Washington, D.C, saying "What hath God wrought?".
- June 6 - George Williams founds the Young Men's Christian Association in London, England.
- July 3 - The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
- August 8 - During a meeting held in Nauvoo, the Quorum of Twelve, headed by Brigham Young, is created as the leading body of the Mormon Church.
- October 22 - Date predicted by the Millerites for the Second Coming of Christ; leads to the Great Disappointment.
- November - James K. Polk defeats Henry Clay in the U.S. presidential election
- November 6 - The Dominican Republic gains its independence from Spain.
- Swedish chemistry professor Gustaf Erik Pasch invents the safety match
Year in topic
- February 17 - Montgomery Ward, department store founder
- February 20 - Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist
- February 20 - Joshua Slocum, seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
- February 21 - Charles-Marie Widor, organist and composer
- March 10 - Pablo de Sarasate, violinist (d. 1908)
- March 18 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, composer (d. 1908)
- March 30 - Paul Verlaine, lyric poet (d. 1896)
- May 17 - Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
- May 19 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)
- May 21 - Henri Rousseau, artist (d. 1910)
- May 22 - Mary Cassatt, artist
- May 23 - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian religious leader
- July 11 - King Peter I of Serbia
- July 22 - William Archibald Spooner, British scholar and Anglican priest .
- August 6 - Prince Alfred of the United Kingdom, later Duke of Edinburgh and Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second son of Queen Victoria
- August 22 - George Washington DeLong, American naval officer/ill-fated explorer (d. 1881)
- October 15 - Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher
- October 22 - Louis Riel, Metis leader
- October 22 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress
- November 2 - Mehmed V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
- November 23 - Karl Benz,German automotive pioneer
- December 1 - Alexandra of Denmark, later Queen Consort of Edward VII of the United Kingdom