From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 14 - President Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte proclaims a new constitution for the French Second Republic.
- January 17 - United Kingdom recognizes independence of the Transvaal
- Devil's Island penal colony opens
- February 11 - First British public toilet for women opens in Bedford Street, London
- February 15 - Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits first patient
- February 16 - Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established
- November - Franklin Pierce defeats Winfield Scott in the U.S. presidential election
- November 7 - President Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor Napoleon III of France
- November 21/November 22 New French Empire confirmed by plebiscite: 7,824,000 for, 253,000 against
- December 2 - Napoleon III becomes Emperor of France.
Year in topic
- April 1 - Edwin Austin Abbey, American painter
- April 13 - F.W. Woolworth, merchant/businessman, founder of Woolworth's
- April 22 - Grand Duke Guillaume IV of Luxembourg
- May 4 - Alice Pleasance Liddell, inspiration for the novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- May 31 - Julius Richard Petri, German bacteriologist, inventor of Petri dish.
- November 11 - Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, chief of Austro-Hungarian general staff for much of World War I.
- December 15 - Henri Becquerel, French physicist
Heads of state in 1852