From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 9 - Earthquake at Fort Tejon, California with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 .
- February 16 - The National Deaf Mute College (later renamed Gallaudet University) is established in Washington, DC becoming the first school for the advanced education of the deaf.
- March 3 - France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
- March 6 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
- March 23 - Elisha Otis' first elevator is installed (at 488 Broadway, New York City)
- May 10 - Indian Mutiny: In India, the sepoys revolt against the British Army.
- May 11 - Indian Mutiny: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
- December 31 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, Ontario as the capital of Canada
- The Supreme Court of the United States decides the Dred Scott case, driving the country further towards the American Civil War
- The Mormons abandon Las Vegas
- Founding of Hollywood
- Restoration of the Mexican republic (see Mexico/History)
- James Buchanan succeeds Franklin Pierce as President of the United States of America
- Discovery of La Tene culture artefacts in Switzerland by Hansli Kopp.
- Philip Henry Gosse writes Omphalos text elaborating a Creationist school of thought
- University of Bombay established
Year in topic
- February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scouting youth movement (†1941)
- February 22 - Heinrich Hertz, physicist
- March 8 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, composer (†1919)
- April 5 - Alexander of Battenberg, first prince of Bulgaria
- July 23 - Carl Meinhof (†1944) German linguist
- July 30 - Thorstein Veblen, economist (†1929)
- September 13 - Milton S. Hershey, founder of the Hershey Chocolate Company
- November 26 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist
- November 28 - Alfonso XII of Spain, later one of the Kings of Spain
- December 3 - Joseph Conrad, Polish/British novelist (Heart of Darkness)
- Joseph Tabrar, one of the most famous songwriters of British Music Hall
- May 11 - Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal, first director of Surete Nationale and founder of the earliest known private detective agency.
- May 23 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician.
- September 3 - John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Company Factor.
- December 15 - Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer.