From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 1 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India by the Royal Titles Act, introduced by United Kingdom Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
- January 8 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry (Montana)
- March 2 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: The United States declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876
- March 4 - Emile Berliner invents the microphone.
- March 4 - Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake debuts
- March 15 - The first Test cricket match, between England and Australia
- May 6 - Realizing that his people were weakened by cold and hunger, Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.
- War between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (Russo-Turkish War), leading to the formation of Bulgaria in 1878. See Russian Foreign Affairs after the Crimean War.
- May 8 - At Gilmore's Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Dog Show opens (ends May 11).
- May 10 - Romania declares itself independent from Turkey, recognized in 1881 after the end of the Romanian independence war.
- July 9 - All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club begins its first lawn tennis tournament at Wimbledon.
- July 21 - A day after bloody rioting in Baltimore from Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of 9 rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia - Pittsburgh then erupts into widespread rioting.
- August 9 - Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole - Near Big Hole River in Montana, a small band of Nez Percé Indians who refused government orders to move to a reservation, clash with the United States Army. The army lost 29 soldiers and Indians lost 89 warriors in a US Army win.
- August 11 - Asaph Hall discovers the two moons of Mars, which he names Phobos and Deimos.
- August 17 - Arizona blacksmith F.P. Cahill is fatally wounded by Billy the Kid. Cahill will die the next day, becoming the first person killed by the Kid.
- September 5 - Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
- October 10 - Following the recovery of Lieutenant-Colonel George Armstrong Custer's body from where he fell during the Battle of Little Big Horn the previous year, Custer is given a funeral with full military honors and is laid to rest at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
- November 21 - Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record sound (this is considered to be Edison's first great invention) (Edison demonstrated the device for the first time on November 29).
Year in topic
- 1877 in literature
- 1877q in science
- (unknown) - Alois Kayser, german missionary, working on Nauru
- February 17 - Andre Maginot, politician, Maginot Line († 1932)
- February 19 - Gabriele Münter, painter, member of Blaue Reiter († 1962)
- February 25 - Erich von Hornbostel, musicologist († 1935)
- March 16 - Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran († 1944)
- March 18 - Edgar Cayce, psychic († 1945)
- May 27 - Isadora Duncan, free form and interpretative dancer († 1927)
- June 14 - Jane Bathori, opera singer († 1970)
- July 2 - Hermann Hesse, writer († 1962)
- November 9 - Allama Iqbal, philosopher-poet († 1938).
- December 3 - Richard William Pearse, New Zealander airplane pioneer.