From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 1 - Construction of the Panama Canal begins
- February 2 - The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana
- February 13 - Thomas Edison becomes the second person to observe the Edison Effect.
- March 10 - Members of the Salvation Army land in the United States and begin operations.
- May 13 - In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.
- July 1 - First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada.
- July 16 - First woman licensed to practice medicine in Canada - Dr. Emily Howard Stowe.
- October - terrible winter storm in North America, the "Blizzard of 1880".
- October 15 - Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
- November - James Garfield defeats Winfield S. Hancock in the U.S. presidential election
- November 11 - Australian bushranger and bank robber Ned Kelly is hanged in Melbourne.
- November 22 - Vaudeville actress Lillian Russell makes her debut at Tony Pastor's Theatre in New York City.
- December 30 - The Transvaal becomes a republic and Paul Kruger becomes its first president.
- Discovery of piezoelectricity by Pierre Curie and Jacques Curie.
- Completion of Cologne cathedral.
Year in topic
- January 6 - Tom Mix, actor († 1940)
- January 17 - Mack Sennett, director, producer († 1960)
- January 26 - Douglas MacArthur, general († 1964)
- January 29 - W.C. Fields, actor († 1946)
- January 30 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States († 1945)
- February 8 - Franz Marc, artist, co-founder: Blauer Reiter († 1916)
- February 12 - John L. Lewis, labor union leader († 1969)
- February 21 - Waldemar Bonsels, writer († 1952)
- February 22 - Frigyes Riesz, mathematician († 1956)
- March 10 - Broncho Billy Anderson, actor († 1971)
- March 13 - Frank Thieß, writer († 1977)
- March 30 - Sean O'Casey, dramatist († 1964)
- April 13 - Charles Christie, pioneer film studio owner in Hollywood († 1955)
- May 6 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, painter († 1938)
- May 25 - Jean Alexandre Barré, neurologist († 1967)
- May 29 - Oswald Spengler, philosopher (Decline of the West) († 1936)
- July 5 - Jan Kubelík, violinist († 1940)
- August 22 - George Herriman, cartoonist (Krazy Kat) († 1944)
- August 31 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands († 1962)
- November 6 - Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (The Man Without Qualities) († 1942)
- June 27 - Helen Keller, socialist, pacifist, spokeswoman for the deaf and blind († 1968)
- September 22 - Christabel Pankhurst, suffragette († 1958)