From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 4 - The Fabian Society is founded in London
- February 1 - Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
- March 13 - The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885).
- May 1 - the first proclamation of eight-hour workday by the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions in the United States. May 1st, called May Day or Labour Day, is now a holiday recognized in almost every industrialized country.
- July 5 - Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
- August 5 - The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.
- October - World time convention in Washington DC fixes the Greenwich meridian as the world's prime meridian.
- October 18 - University of Wales, Bangor (UK) founded.
- November 1 - the Irish Gaelic Athletic Association is founded in Thurles, Ireland.
- November 4 - U.S. presidential election: Democrat Grover Cleveland defeats Republican James G. Blaine in a very close contest to win the first of his non-consecutive terms.
- December 1 - American Old West - Near Frisco, New Mexico (now Reserve, New Mexico), deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting cowboy Charles McCarthy (the cowboys were terrorizing the area's Hispanos and Baca was working against them).
- December 6 - Washington Monument was completed.
- December 16 - World Cotton Centennial World's Fair opens in New Orleans, Louisiana
- Stefan-Boltzmann law reformulated by Ludwig Boltzmann
- British Police officers go on armed patrol in London.
Year in topic
- January 2 - Oscar Micheaux, African-American, filmmaker & author (+ 1951)
- January 12 - Texas Guinan, vaudeville performer (+ 1933)
- January 13 - Sophie Tucker, singer, comedienne, vaudeville performer (+ 1966)
- January 21 - Roger Baldwin, ACLU president, social activist (+ 1981)
- January 28 - Auguste Piccard, physicist (+ 1962)
- January 31 - Theodor Heuss, politician and publicist (+ 1963)
- February 12 - Max Beckmann, painter and graphic artist (+ 1950)
- February 12 - Marie Vassilieff, artist (+ 1957)
- March 13 - Oskar Loerke, lyricist, narrator and essayist (+ 1941)
- March 13 - Sir Hugh Walpole, novelist (+ 1941)
- March 26 - Wilhelm Backhaus, pianist (+ 1969)
- April 4 - Isoroku Yamamoto, naval commander (+ 1943)
- April 6 - Walter Huston, Academy Award winning actor (+ 1950)
- May 1 - Henry Norwest, one of the most famous snipers of World War I
- May 8 - Harry S. Truman, former President of the United States (+ 1972)
- May 14 - Claude Dornier, aircraft designer (+ 1969)
- May 27 - Max Brod, author (+ 1968)
- May 28 - Edvard Benes, politician (+ 1948)
- July 12 - Amedeo Modigliani, painter, sculptor
- July 23 - Emil Jannings, actor
- October 11: Eleanor Roosevelt, human rights activist, wife of US president
- November 19 - José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (+ 1942).
- January 25 - Johann Gottfried Piefke, conductor and composer
- March 21 - Ezra Abbot, american bible scholar
- April 4 - Marie Bashkirtseff, artist
- May 12 - Bedrich Smetana, composer
- May 13 - Cyrus McCormick, inventor
- June 25 - Hans Rott, composer
- July 10 - Paul Morphy, American chess player.
- November 25: Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, chemist