From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 4 - Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state
- January 5 - An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
- January 12 - H.L. Smith takes the first X-ray photograph.
- January 18 - The X-ray machine is exhibited for the first time.
- February 1 - The opera La Bohème premieres (Turin).
- February 11 - Oscar Wilde's play Salomé premieres in Paris.
- March 1 - With the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopia defended its independence from Italy. Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
- May 1 - Charles Tupper becomes Canada's sixth prime minister.
- May 14 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia crowned in Moscow, in the first coronation ever filmed. One thousand spectators crushed to death in Khodynskoe Fields during coronation celebrations.
- May 18 - The U.S. Supreme Court announces its decision in the infamous case Plessy v. Ferguson.
- July 9 - William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of gold speech.
- July 11 - Wilfrid Laurier becomes Canada's seventh prime minister.
- August 16 - George Carmack discovers gold in the Klondike.
- November - William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan in the U.S. presidential election
- Nepalese archaeologists rediscover the great stone pillar of Ashoka at Lumbini, using Fa Xian's records.
Art, Culture & Fashion
- January 2 - Dziga Vertov, filmmaker
- January 4 - Everett Dirksen, American politician (d. 1969)
- January 12 - Rex Ingram, director and actor (d. 1950)
- January 14 - Martin Niemöller, German theologian and pacifist (d. 1984)
- January 14 - John Dos Passos, author (d. 1970)
- January 23 - Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg
- February 11 - Else Lasker-Schuler, writer
- February 18 - André Breton, poet, principal theoretician of surrealism (d. 1966)
- March 12 - Sir John Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada
- March 29 - Wilhelm Ackermann, mathematician
- April 30 - Gary Davis, reverend
- May 11 - Mari Sandoz, writer (d. 1966)
- May 30 - Howard Hawks, director (d. 1977)
- June 19 - Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor
- July 16 - Trygve Lie, the first United Nations Secretary General (d. 1968)
- August 18 - Jack Pickford, actor, Hollywood's first "bad boy", (d. 1933)
- August 30 - Raymond Massey, actor (d. 1983)
- October 1 - Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan, (d. 1951)
- October 28 - Howard Hanson, composer
- December 6 - Ira Gershwin, lyricist
- December 14 - George VI Windsor, father of Elizabeth II
- December 14 - Jimmy Doolittle, American World War II General.
- December 24 - F Scott Fitzgerald, American writer.
- January 8 - Paul Verlaine, lyric poet
- May 20 - Clara Schumann, Austrian composer.
- August 10 - Otto Lilienthal, aviation pioneer.
- October 11 - Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer/
- December 10 - Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor of dynamite and creator of the Nobel Prize.
- December 30 - José Rizal, national hero of the Philippines