From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Amman (عمان), the capital of the Kingdom of Jordan, is a beautiful city of more than 1.2 million inhabitants, and it is the commercial, industrial and administrative centre of Jordan.
Amman had throughout history several civilizations that inhabited it.
The first one recorded is at the Neolithic period, around 6500 BC.
Where archaeological discoveries in Ain Ghazal, in eastern Amman,
shown evidence not only of a settled life then but also the growth of artistic work,
which is considered as one of the most developed civilizations at that time.
In the thirteenth century Amman was called Rabbath Ammon by the Ammonites. Then came the Assyrians followed by the Persians then the Greeks, who called it Philadelphia. In the first century BC Philadelphia became under the Roman control and joined the Decapolis-; a league of ten cities.
In the following centuries, 324 AD, Christianity became the religion of the empire and Philadelphia became the seat of bishopric. This was the start of the Byzantine era. It got its present name Amman in the Ghasanaian era, and flourished under the Ummayads and the Abbasids. Then it was destroyed by the many earthquakes and disasters until 1887 which marks the settlement of the Circassians.
In 1921, Prince Abdullah chose Amman as his seat of his new government. And then later as the Capital of the Kingdom of Jordan.
Amman stayed a small city until 1948 , when the population has grown steadily as a result of the influx of Palestinian refuges. Residential areas have spread out from the centre of the city to the surrounding hills.
Now it is a modern city, where Muslims and Christians live together.
And it hold both modern building style in newly built areas at west Amman,
and the old Souk (a colorful market) in downtown.
It is 45 minutes by car from the spot where Jesus was baptized in the River Jordan.