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The poet Antonio Machado (July 26, 1875 – February 22, 1939) was one of the leading figures of the Spanish literary movement known as the Generation of 98.
Antonio Machado y Ruiz was born in Seville, Spain. His earliest published prose dates from 1893, while his first verses were published in 1901. In 1902 he traveled to Paris, where he met Rubén Darío, with whom he forged a solid friendship; back in Madrid, his circle included such figures as Miguel de Unamuno and Ramón Valle-Inclán. During the 1920s and 1930s, he wrote a series of plays in conjunction with his brother Manuel. He was elected to serve as a member of the Spanish Royal Academy in 1927.
At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War he was still in Madrid; in the course of the conflict he relocated to Valencia, Barcelona, and the French town of Colliure, where he would ultimately die in exile.