From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
(This article is about the Spanish city. There is also a place named Cadiz in the U.S. state of Ohio.)
The city was originally founded as Gadir (meaning walled city) by the Phoenicians, who used it in their trade with Tartessos. Traditionally, its date of establishment is circa 1100 BCE, although upto now no finds have been found yet that date back further than the 9th century BCE. It is regarded as the most ancient still existing city in the western Europe. A temple was dedicated to the Phoenician god Melqart. Some authors think that the columns of this temple gave origin to the myth of the Columns of Hercules. (Melqart was identified by the Greek with Heracles (Hercules for the Romans).
Via the Carthaginians it fell in hands of the Romans, who called it Gades. Gadir became an important commercial city during the Carthaginian domination and disappeared in the last days of the Roman Empire when commerce decayed.
According to Greek legend, Gadir was founded by Heracles after killing Geryon.
Cádiz is famous by its carnival. Murgas (amateur satirical choruses) compete for a prize.