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  Wikipedia: Chinese New Year

Wikipedia: Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Chinese New Year (春节, 农历新年 or 过年), also known as the Lunar New Year or the Spring Festival, is celebrated on the second new moon after the winter solstice. Celebrated internationally, Chinese New Year is the most important holiday of the Chinese people and much of East Asia by Koreans, Vietnamese and others who also have the same new year.

Around the New Year people greet each other with:

Traditionally, red packets ('hong bao') are passed out on Chinese New Year's Eve, and then Chinese New Year is celebrated with firecrackers. Dragon dances and lion dances take place in some streets and public places throughout the first few days of the Chinese New Year.

New Year's Eve and New Year's Day are celebrated as a family affair. The families get together during this holiday. The New Year's Eve dinner is very large and traditionally includes chicken. However, the New Year's Day dinner is typically vegetarian.

  • nian gao (New Year's Cake: it is believed that the higher the cake rises the better the year will be)
  • jiaozi dumplings
  • yu sheng, a salad of raw fish (especially popular in Singapore and Malaysia)
  • mandarin oranges (a symbol of wealth and good fortune)
  • Red datess bring the hope for prosperity
  • whole steamed fish (a symbol of long life and good fortune)
  • uncut noodles (a symbol of longevity)
  • baked goods with seeds (a symbol of fertility)

The New Year season lasts fifteen days. The first three days are the most important and most often celebrated with visits to friends, family as well as greetings of good luck. The seventh day traditionally is everyone's birthday, the day when everyone grows one year older. The celebrations end on the important and colourful Lantern Festival on the evening of the 15th day of the new moon.

The date is determined by the Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar. The same calendar is used in countries that have adopted the Confucian and Buddhism tradition and in many cultures influenced by the Chinese, notably the Koreans, the Tibetans, the Vietnamese and the pagan Bulgars. Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the first day of the new year and ends on the full moon 15 days later. The lunar cycle is about 29.5 days. According to the solar calendar, the Chinese New Year falls on a different date each year.

Some Chinese New Year dates (in the Gregorian calendar) are listed below (with pinyin
romanization for the animals):

Animal
   
Dates
Rooster - You
   
1993 January 23 2005 February 9
Dog - Xu
   
1994 February 10 2006 January 29
Pig - Hai
   
1995 January 31 2007 February 18
Rat - Zi
   
1996 February 19
Ox - Chou
   
1997 February 7
Tiger - Yin
   
1998 January 28
Rabbit - Mao
   
1999 February 16
Dragon - Chen
   
2000 February 5
Snake - Si
   
2001 January 24
Horse - Wu
   
2002 February 12
Goat - Wei
   
2003 February 1
Monkey - Shen
   
2004 January 22

See Chinese zodiac for a list of Chinese New Year dates over the last century.

Mythology

In Chinese mythology, several legends are related to the Chinese new year. Examples include:

See also

Celebrate with us and you will also know more about it by:

External Links


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona