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  Wikipedia: Circumflex

Wikipedia: Circumflex
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The circumflex ( ˆ ) is a diacritic mark used in written French, Esperanto, Norwegian, and other languages.

  • In French the circumflex is used on the vowels â, ê, î, ô, and û. It is largely redundant. It marks the former presence of the letter s in the spelling of the word. For example, hpital, fort.
  • In Esperanto, it is used on ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, and ŝ. It indicates a completely different consonant from the unaccented form, and is considered a separate letter for purposes of collation. See Esperanto orthography.
  • In Norwegian, it is used, with the exception of loan words, on ô and ê, almost exclusively in the words "fr" (from Norse fr, meaning "animal food", and "vr", meaning "weather".
  • In English, the circumflex is sometimes used on loanwords; for example, rle.
  • In Romanian, the circumflex is used on the vowels â and î to mark a sound similar to Russian 'yery'.
  • In Kunrei-shiki romanized Japanese, the circumflex marks long vowels. It may also be used as an alternative to the macron for marking long vowels in the Hepburn system.
  • In Welsh the circumflex (to bach) is used in single-syllable words to show the difference between other words that have the same spelling. The circumflex in Welsh makes a vowel a long vowel (môr/mor).

Using the ISO-8859-1 character encoding, one can type the letters â, ê, î, ô, and û. Dozens more letters with the circumflex are available in Unicode. Unicode also provides the circumflex as a combining character.

The circumflex receives its English name from the Latin circumflexus (bent about).

See also


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona