Please Enter Your Search Term Below:
 Websearch   Directory   Dictionary   FactBook 
  Wikipedia: Constantine Caramanlis

Wikipedia: Constantine Caramanlis
Constantine Caramanlis
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Constantine Caramanlis

Constantine (Konstantinos) Caramanlis (Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής) (March 8, 1907 - April 23, 1998). was one of the most influential figures in modern Greek politics.

He was born in the town of Proti, in the region of Serres in northern Greece. His father was Georgios Caramanlis, who fought during the national struggle of the Greeks in Macedonia, in 1904-1908. He first became prime minister in 1956 securing an absolute parliamentary majority in three successive elections (1956, 1958 and 1961). In 1959 he announced a five-year plan (196064) for the Greek economy, emphasizing improvement of agricultural and industrial production.

In July 1963, he resigned the premiership after a disagreement with King Paul of Greece, and spent four months abroad. In November, National Radical Union (ERE), under his leadership, was defeated in the general election. Caramanlis left Greece after realising that the conditions necessary for him to continue his work no longer existed. He spent the next 11 years in exile in France.

He was a vocal opponent of the military junta that seized power in Greece in April 1967. After the fall of the junta in July 1974, he returned to Athens as prime minister. He formed a government of National Unity in order to deal immediately with the Cyprus crisis and to restore democratic institutions in Greece.

Caramanlis founded a new conservative party, New Democracy, and served as prime minister until 1980. The Greek Parliament then elected him president, where he served until 1985. He oversaw Greece's entry (1981) into the European Community (now the European Union). In 1990 the New Democracy government of Constantine Mitsotakis re-appointed him President, and he served until 1995, when he was succeeded by Costis Stephanopoulos.

Caramanlis died in 1998 after a short illness. His nephew Costas Caramanlis is now leader of the New Democracy party.

First Prime Ministership (1955-58)
Preceded by:
Alexandros Papagos
Prime Ministers of Greece Followed by:
Konstantinos Georgapolis

Second Prime Ministership (1958-61)
Preceded by:
Konstantinos Georgapolis
Prime Ministers of Greece Followed by:
Konstantinos Dovas

Third Prime Ministership (1961-63)
Preceded by:
Konstantinos Dovas
Prime Ministers of Greece Followed by:
Panagiotis Pipinelis

Fourth Prime Ministership (1974-80)
Preceded by:
Adamantios Androutsopoulos
Prime Ministers of Greece Followed by:
George Rallis

  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona