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  Wikipedia: Côte d'Ivoire

Wikipedia: Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, also known commonly as the Ivory Coast, is a country in West Africa. It borders Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana to the west, north, and east, and borders the Gulf of Guinea to its south. One of the most prosperous of the tropical African states, it has been plagued by recent political turmoil.

République de Côte d'Ivoire
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Xxxxx
Official language French
Capital Yamoussoukro
Capital's coordinates 6° 51' N, 5° 18' W
Largest City Abidjan
President Laurent Gbagbo
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 67th
322,460 km²
1.4%
Population
 - Total (2003)
 - Density
Ranked 57th
16,962,491
53/km²
Independence
 - Declared
 - Recognised
From France
August 7, 1960
(Year)
Currency CFA franc
Time zone UTC
National anthem L'Abidjanaise (Song of Abidjan)
Internet TLD .CI
Calling Code225

History

Main article: History of Côte d'Ivoire

In the 19th century, Côte d'Ivoire was seized by Louis Gustave Binger, (1856-1936) as a colony for France. It became independent in 1960.

On December 25, 1999, a military coup d'état - the first ever in Côte d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. An economic downturn followed. The new regime promised to return the country to democratic rule in 2000. In October 2000, Laurent Gbagbo replaced junta leader Robert Guei as president, ending ten months of military rule.

In 2002 a rebellion in the North and the West came up and the country is now divided in three parts. A reconciliation process (2003) under international auspices is on the way. Several thousand French and West African troops remain in Côte d'Ivoire to maintain peace and help implement the peace accords.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Côte d'Ivoire

The official capital since 1983 is Yamoussoukro; however, Abidjan remains the administrative center. Most countries maintain their embassies in Abidjan.

Départements

Main article: Départements of Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire is divided into 58 départements: Abengourou, Abidjan, Aboisso, Adiake, Adzope, Agboville, Agnibilekrou, Alepe, Bocanda, Bangolo, Beoumi, Biankouma, Bondoukou, Bongouanou, Bouafle, Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali, Dabakala, Dabou, Daloa, Danane, Daoukro, Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue, Ferkessedougou, Gagnoa, Grand-Bassam, Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia, Jacqueville, Katiola, Korhogo, Lakota, Man, Mankono, Mbahiakro, Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro, Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra, Soubre, Tabou, Tanda, Tiebissou, Tingrela, Tiassale, Touba, Toulepleu, Toumodi, Vavoua, Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula

Geography

Main article: Geography of Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire is a country of western Sub-Saharan Africa. It borders Liberia and Guinea in the west, Mali and Burkina Faso in the north, Ghana in the east, and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic ocean) in the south.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Côte d'Ivoire

Maintaining close ties to France since independence in 1960, diversification of agriculture for export, and encouragement of foreign investment has made Côte d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African states.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Côte d'Ivoire

About 20% of the population consists of workers from neighboring countries. This fact has created steadily increasing tension in recent years, especially since most of these workers are Muslims while the native-born population is largely Christian and animist.

Culture

Main article: Culture of Côte d'Ivoire

Holidays
DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks
August 7Independence Day

Miscellaneous topics

The country was originally known in English as Ivory Coast, and corresponding translations in other languages: Elfenbeinküste in German, Costa de Marfil in Spanish, and so on. Because of the disorder this could produce in international forums, in October 1985 the government requested that the country be known as Côte d'Ivoire in every language.

References


Countries of the world  |  Africa


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona