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  Wikipedia: Cyprus

Wikipedia: Cyprus
Cyprus
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Republic of Cyprus
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: None
Official languages Greek, Turkish, English as second language
Capital Nicosia
President Tassos Papadopoulos
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 161st
9,250 km
Negligible
Population
 - Total (2002)
Ranked 155th
771,657
Independence
 - Date
From the UK
August 16, 1960
Currency Cyprus pound
Time zone UTC +2
National anthem Imnos pros tin Eleftherian
Internet TLD.CY
Calling Code357
3,355 km are in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Cyprus, sometimes spelled Kypros, is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, 70 miles south of Turkey.

(Kypros is a straight transliteration of the Greek name Κυπρος; Cyprus is a Latinized version of the name.)

The Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognized government of most of the island, but controls only the southern two-thirds of that territory. The northern third was occupied by Turkey in a 1974 invasion, which has since set up the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, though this government is not recognized by any country except Turkey. In the decades since the invasion, the northern third has become almost exclusively Turkish, and the southern two-thirds almost exclusively Greek, so the territories are now sometimes referred to as the "Greek part" and the "Turkish part" of Cyprus.

The other power with territory on Cyprus is the United Kingdom. Under the independence agreement, the UK retained title to two small areas on the southern coast of the island, around Dhekalia and Akrotiri. They are used to host military bases.

Negotiations have been ongoing for years to reunify the island, but have not as of yet seen substantial success. Barring a last-minute breakthrough, the 2004 admittance of the Republic of Cyprus to the European Union will thus mean that effectively only the southern, Greek portion of the island will become part of the EU.

See also

Reference


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona