From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
|National motto: None|
|Official languages||Greek, Turkish, English as second language|
- % water
|Ranked 161st |
9,250 km² ¹
- Total (2002)
|From the UK|
August 16, 1960
|Time zone||UTC +2|
|National anthem||Imnos pros tin Eleftherian|
|¹ 3,355 km² are in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus|
(Kypros is a straight transliteration of the Greek name Κυπρος; Cyprus is a Latinized version of the name.)
The Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognized government of most of the island, but controls only the southern two-thirds of that territory. The northern third was occupied by Turkey in a 1974 invasion, which has since set up the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, though this government is not recognized by any country except Turkey. In the decades since the invasion, the northern third has become almost exclusively Turkish, and the southern two-thirds almost exclusively Greek, so the territories are now sometimes referred to as the "Greek part" and the "Turkish part" of Cyprus.
The other power with territory on Cyprus is the United Kingdom. Under the independence agreement, the UK retained title to two small areas on the southern coast of the island, around Dhekalia and Akrotiri. They are used to host military bases.
Negotiations have been ongoing for years to reunify the island, but have not as of yet seen substantial success. Barring a last-minute breakthrough, the 2004 admittance of the Republic of Cyprus to the European Union will thus mean that effectively only the southern, Greek portion of the island will become part of the EU.
- History of Cyprus
- Geography of Cyprus
- Demographics of Cyprus
- Politics of Cyprus
- Culture of Cyprus (Music of Cyprus)
- Economy of Cyprus
- Communications in Cyprus
- Transportation in Cyprus
- Military of Cyprus
- Foreign relations of Cyprus
- Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.