From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Dairy products are foodstuffs produced from milk. A production plant for such processing is called a dairy. Raw milk for processing generally comes from cows, but occasionally from other mammals such as goats, sheep, water buffalo, yaks or horses.
Dairy products include:
- Milk, after optional homogenization, pasteurization, in several grades after standardization of the fat level
- Cream, the fat skimmed off the top of milk
- Cultured buttermilk, fermented milk using the same bacteria as sour cream
- Milk powder (or powdered milk), produced by removing the water from milk
- Condensed milk, milk which has been concentrated by evaporation
- Sweetened evaporated milk, concentrated milk with added sugar
- Infant formula
- Butter, mostly milk fat, produced by churning cream
- Cheese, produced by coagulating milk, separating from whey and letting it ripen, generally with bacteria and sometimes also with certain molds
- Yoghurt, milk fermented by Streptococcus thermophiles and either Lactobacillus acidophilus or L. bulgaricus
- Ice cream, slowly frozen cream