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Wikipedia: Ethiopia
Ethiopia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityop'iya, Amharic የኢትዮጵያ) is a nation of northeastern Africa. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-1941.

Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
Official language Amharic
Capital Addis Ababa
PresidentGirma Wolde-Giorgis
Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 26th
1,127,127 kmē
0.7%
Population
 - Total (Year)
 - Density
Ranked 16th
67,673,031
60/km²
Currency Birr (ETB)
Time zone UTC +3
National anthem Whedefit Gesgeshi Woude Henate Ethiopia (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)
Internet TLD.ET
Calling Code251

History

Main article: History of Ethiopia

In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea that erupted in May 1998 has strengthened the ruling coalition, but has hurt the nation's economy.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Ethiopia

Regions

Main article: Regions of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach, singular - astedader akabibi) and 2 chartered cities*:

Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara, Benishangul/Gumaz; Dire Dawa*; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region; Tigray

Geography

Main article: Geography of Ethiopia

Economy

Main article: Economy of Ethiopia

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia

Culture

Main article: Culture of Ethiopia

Holidays
DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks
January 7Orthodox Christmas Day
January 19Feast of EpiphanyTimket
February 2Feast of the SacrificeEid-ul-Adha
March 2Battle of Adowa
April 12Orthodox Easter Monday
April 25Coptic Good Friday
May 2MuludMulud
May 5Patriots' Day
May 28End of Military Regime
September 11Ethiopian New Year/Coptic New Year
September 27Finding of the True Cross
November 14End of RamadanEid-al-Fitr

Miscellaneous topics

External links and references


Countries of the world  |  Africa
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