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  Wikipedia: European constitution

Wikipedia: European constitution
European constitution
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

On 18 July 2003, the final draft of the constitutional treaty (officially Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe) for the European Union was published by the Praesidium of the Convention on the Future of Europe.

The objectives of the draft Constitution are, mainly, to simplify the over-lapping series of Treaties and Protocols providing the current legal constitution for Europe, and to enhance the functioning of the future Union when 10 new countries from Eastern Europe join the existing 15 member states on 1 May 2004 (see EU enlargement).

Provisions of Constitution

The draft constitution makes provision for:

  • the European Charter on Human Rights,
  • a president of the European Council elected by European governments and the European parliament,
  • convergence in foreign policy (subject to certain conditions),
  • establishment of a European foreign minister,
  • introduction of majority votes in many fields of politics (designed to streamline decision-making and reducing veto rights of individual countries in order to limit the amount of national bargaining notoric in European politics),
  • clear assignments of responsibility to the institutions of the EU, in particular locking of the principle of subsidiarity,
  • a more democratic and simplified decision process in the Council of Ministers (compared to the current situation),
  • an increased role for national parliaments and the European Parliament in the scrutiny of draft EU legislation,
  • adjustments to some terminology to make it easier to understand (e.g. 'European Regulation' becomes 'European law', 'European Directive' becomes 'European framework law').

See also

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona