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  Wikipedia: Federalist Papers

Wikipedia: Federalist Papers
Federalist Papers
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 articles about the United States Constitution, first published serially in New York City newspapers (the Independent Journal, the New-York Packet and the Daily Advertiser) between October 27, 1787 and May 28, 1788. A compilation, called The Federalist, was published in 1788.

The articles were intended to explain the new Constitution to the residents of New York state and persuade them to ratify it. The articles were written under the pseudonym "Publius" by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. Madison is generally credited as the father of the Constitution and became the fourth President of the United States. Hamilton was an influential delegate at the Constitutional Convention. John Jay would become the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Hamilton penned the majority, Madison made several significant contributions to the series, Jay wrote but a handful.

The Federalist Papers serve as a primary source for interpretation of the Constitution. They also outline the philosophy and motivation of the proposed system of government, as it was presented by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay. The authors of the Federalist Papers were not above using the opportunity to provide their own "spin" on certain provisions of the constitution to (i) influence the vote on ratification and (ii) influence future interpretations of the provisions in question.

Federalist No. 10 and Federalist No. 51 are generally regarded as the most influential of the 85 articles; 10 advocates for a large, strong republic, 51 explains the need for separation of powers.

Article Topics

1General Introduction
2-7Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
8The Consequences of Hostilities Between the States
9-10The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
11The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy
12The Utility of the Union in Respect to Revenue
13Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government
14Objections to the Proposed Constitution from Extent of Territory Answered
15-20The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
21-22Other Defects of the Present Confederation
23The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union
24-25The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
26-28The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
29Concerning the Militia
30-36Concerning the General Power of Taxation
37Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government
38The Same Subject Continued, and the Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed
39The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles
40The Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained
41-43General View of the Powers Conferred by the Constitution
44Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States
45The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered
46The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared
47The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts
48These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other
49Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention
50Periodic Appeals to the People Considered
51The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments
52-53The House of Representatives
54The Apportionment of Members Among the States
55-56The Total Number of the House of Representatives
57The Alleged Tendency of the Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation
58Objection that the Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands Considered
59-61Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
62-63The Senate
64-65The Powers of the Senate
66Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered
67-77The Executive Department
78-83The Judiciary Department
84Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered
85Concluding Remarks

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Modified by Geona