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  Wikipedia: Gansu

Wikipedia: Gansu
Gansu
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Gansu (Simplified: 甘肃, Traditional: 甘肅, Pinyin: gan1 su4, Wade-Giles: Kansu) is a province located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. It lies between Qingzang, Inner Mongolia, and the Huangtu Plateaus, and borders Mongolia to the north. The Huang He river passes the southern part of the province. It has a population of approximately 25 million (1997) and has a large concentration of Hui Chinese. The capital of the province is Lanzhou.

Gansu is abbreviated Gan or Long (陇/隴), and is also known as Long West or Long Right, in reference to the Long Mountain east of Gansu.

甘肅省
Gansu Sheng
Province Abbreviation(s): 甘 gan1 or 隴 long3
Capital Lanzhou
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 8th
390,000 km²
xx%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 22th
25,620,000
65.7/km²
Administration Type Province

Administration

There are 14 administrative areas immediately below Gansu: ten regional cities (地级市), two regions (地区), and two autonomous prefectures (自治州): 
  • Baiyin City (白银市)
  • Dingxi Region (定西地区)
  • Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (甘南藏族自治州)
  • Jiayuguan City (嘉峪关市)
  • Jinchang City (金昌市)
  • Jiuquan City (酒泉市)
  • Lanzhou City (兰州市)
  • Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture (临夏回族自治州) 
  • Longnan Region (陇南地区)
  • Pingliang City (平凉市)
  • Qingyang City (庆阳市)
  • Tianshui City (天水市)
  • Wuwei City (武威市)
  • Zhangyi City (张掖市)

History

Gansu is the
acronym first used in Song China, of two Sui and Tang prefectures (州): Gan (around Zhangyi) and Su (around Jiuquan).

Geography

Gansu province has an area of 390,000 kmē, and the majority of its land is above 1 km over sea level. It lies between Qingzang, Inner Mongolia, and the Huangtu Plateaus, and borders Mongolia to the north. The Huang He river passes the southern part of the province.

Part of the Gobi Desert is located in Gansu.

Neighboring provinces: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan, Shanxi and Ningxia.

Cities:

Economy

Demographics

Gansu has a large concentration of Hui Chinese.

Culture

Within China, Gansu is known for its pulled noodles, and Muslim restaurants which feature authentic Gansu cusine are a common in most major Chinese cities.

Tourism

Places of Interest:

Postage Stamps

In August 1949, the provincial government overprinted the nondenominated stamps "locomotive" and "airmail arrow" stamps issued by the central government. These overprints were made by handstamping in purple, and are quite rare, valued at over US$500 each. Counterfeits are known, and apparent examples should be expertized.

Miscellaneous topics

The Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center is located in the Gobi desert in Gansu Province.

Colleges and universities

  • Lanzhou University (Lanzhou)

External links


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona