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Wikipedia: Kentucky
Kentucky
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Commonwealth of Kentucky
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Bluegrass State

Other U.S. States
Capital Frankfort
Largest City Louisville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 37th
104,749 kmē
102,989 kmē
1,760 kmē
1.7%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 25th
4,041,769
39/kmē
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

15th
June 1, 1792
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Central: UTC-6/-5
eastern counties in Eastern Timezone, western counties in Central Timezone
Latitude
Longitude
36°30'N to 39°9'N
81°58'W to 89°34'W
Width
Length
Elevation
 -Highest
 -Mean
 -Lowest
225 km
610 km
 
1,262 meters
230 meters
78 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-KY

Kentucky is a southern state of The United States Of America and was the 15th state admitted to the Union.

Kentucky and its residents are probably most well known for thoroughbred horses and racing, local whiskey distilleries and unbridled fanaticism for basketball. The two principal rivals in the state are the University of Kentucky (blue, Wildcats) and the University of Louisville (red, Cardinals).

Several US Navy ships have been named USS Kentucky in honor of the state.

History

Kentucky is one of four states to call itself a commonwealth. At one point in time, Kentucky was a county of Virginia. Ten constitutional conventions took place at the courthouse of Constitution Square in Danville, Kentucky between 1784-1792. In 1790, Kentucky delegates accepted Virginia's terms for separation, and the state constitution was drafted at the final convention in April 1792. On June 1, 1792, Kentucky became the fifteenth state in the union and Isaac Shelby, a Revolutionary War hero, was named the first Governor of the Commonwealth Of Kentucky.

On May 20, 1861 during the American Civil War, Kentucky proclaimed its neutrality in the conflict but was forced to take the side of the Union on September 3 when Confederate forces under General Leonidas Polk invaded.

Law and Government

The capital of Kentucky is Frankfort and its governor is Ernie Fletcher (Republican). Kentucky's two U.S. senators are Jim Bunning (Republican) and Mitch McConnell (Republican). The Kentucky Constitution provides for three branches of government: the legislative, the judicial, and the executive. Kentucky's General Assembly has two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives.See List of Kentucky Governors.

Geography

See: List of Kentucky counties

Kentucky, also known as The Bluegrass State, borders the Midwest and Deep South. It touches West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, and is bordered on the north by the Ohio River. There are five main regions, the Cumberland Mountains and Cumberland Plateau in the southeast, the north-central Bluegrass Region, the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau, also sometimes termed "Pennyrile", the western coal-fields area, and the far-west Jackson Purchase.

The largest cities in Kentucky in terms of geographic area are the two metro city/counties of Lexington and Louisville, although Louisville has a much larger metropolitan population. Northern Kentucky, an assemblage of smaller cities across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, Ohio, also has a large metropolitan population.

Significant Natural Attractions

Economy

The total gross state product for 1999 was $113 billion, placing Kentucky 26th in the nation. Its Per Capita Personal Income is $24,294, 40th in the nation. Kentucky's agricultural outputs are horses, cattle, tobacco,dairy products, hogs, soybeans, and corn. Its industrial outputs are transportation equipment, chemical products, electric equipment, machinery, food processing, tobacco products, coal, and tourism.

Demographics

According to the national census, there were 4,041,769 people living in Kentucky in 2000. The population was 89.3% white, 7.3% African American, 1.5% Hispanic, 0.7% Asian, and 0.2% Native American.

Important Cities and Towns

Education

Colleges and Universities

Community Colleges

  • Ashland Community College
  • Ashland Technical College
  • Bowling Green Technical College
  • Central Kentucky Technical College
  • Elizabethtown Community College
  • Elizabethtown Technical College
  • Gateway Community and Technical Colleges
  • Hazard Community College
  • Henderson Community College
  • Hopkinsville Community College
  • Jefferson Community College
  • Jefferson Technical College
  • Lexington Community College
  • Madisonville Community and Technical Colleges
  • Mayo Technical College
  • Maysville Community College
  • Owensboro Community College
  • Owensboro Technical College
  • Paducah Community College
  • Prestonburg Community College
  • Rowan Technical College
  • Somerset Community College
  • West Kentucky Technical College

Professional Sports Teams

The Minor League baseball teams are:

The Minor League hockey teams are:

  • Lexington Men O'War
  • Louisville Panthers

The National Indoor Football League teams are:

  • Lexington Horsemen

Miscellaneous Information

Famous Kentuckians

Boxer/activist Muhammad Ali, KFC founder Col. Harland David Sanders, actor George Clooney, actress Rosemary Clooney, TV reporter Diane Sawyer, explorer Daniel Boone, actor Johnny Depp, bluegrass singer Louis Marshall "Grandpa" Jones, country singer Billy Ray Cyrus, country singer Dwight Yoakam, actress Ashley Judd, director D.W. Griffith, pop singers The Everly Brothers, country singer Crystal Gayle, jazz legend Lionel Hampton, actor Victor Mature, actor Lee Majors, bluegrass singer Bill Monroe, country singer Loretta Lynn, pop singer Joan Osborne, actress Annie Potts, "Hustler" publisher Larry Flynt, actor Harry Dean Stanton, director Gus Van Sant, actor/comedian Jim Varney "Earnest P. Worrell", TV host Chuck Woolery, singers Brian Littrell and Kevin Richardson of the Backstreet Boys, actor Ned Beatty, director John Carpenter, comedian Foster Brooks, steamboat inventor John Fitch, traffic light inventor Garrett Morgan, Louis Brandeis, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, US President Abraham Lincoln, train engineer John Luther Jones "Casey Jones", US Vice President Adlai Stevenson, US President Zachary Taylor, football coach Paul "Bear" Bryant, first woman to row across the Atlantic solo Tori Murden-McClure, Olympic swimmer Mary Meagher, Hall of Fame shortstop Pee Wee Reese, writer Sue Grafton, NPR reporter Bob Edwards, food critic Duncan Hines, Donald Duck artist Don Rosa, writer Hunter S. Thompson, writer Robert Penn Warren, explorer Floyd Collins, frontiersman Kit Carson, "60 Minutes" tobacco industry whistleblower Jeffrey Weigand

External links


"Kentucky" is also a common Caribbean nickname for Kentucky Fried Chicken.


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona