From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This list of deities aims at giving information about ancient and actual deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. It is sorted alphabetically.
Flibertigibit (Wayland's apprentice)
Beowulf, a hero
Deities in the Abrahamic religions
Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in the same God, but Muslims, and to some degree Jews (see below), visualize God in strictly monotheistic terms, whereas most Christians believe that God exists as a Trinity.
Yahweh is the Biblical name for God used by ancient Jews.
Adonai, Eloheynu and Hashem are some of the names of God used in modern day Judaism. The Hebrew word "elohim" is also used to refer to God in the Torah (and the Christian Old Testament), and this refers to a plural nature of God. However, Jews hold to a slightly more monotheistic view of God than Christians. They reject Jesus Christ as a false messiah, and do not assign any deity to him. However, the English word "God" (spelled "G-d" in deference to the taboo against pronouncing the Tetragrammaton) is commonly accepted among Jews to denote God (or G-d), as well.
Historically, Christianity has professed belief in one deity, three divine persons (the Trinity), that make up one deity or Godhead, known as "God". (See Athanasian Creed.)
Thus, most Christians are trinitarian monotheists, although there have been dissenters; see the articles Arianism, Unitarianism (History), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Jehovah's Witnesses for examples.
Most of these unitarian groups believe or believed that only God the Father is a deity; Latter-day Saints believe that the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit are three distinct deities.
Two smaller faiths that don't neatly fit into any of the categories of Abrahamic religions. Rastafarianism worships Jah and the Baha'i Faith also worships the same God as Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Australian Aboriginal mythology
a more complete list can be found here.
Egyptian deities are often portrayed as having animal heads in art; as an example, Anubis is often portrayed in statuary as having the body of a human, but the head of a canine. Many gods were portrayed with different animal heads, depending upon the situation. The Egyptians did NOT actually believe that their gods had animal heads; rather, they portrayed them that way as artistic symbolism. This may have been for the benefit of the illiterate.
See http://touregypt.net/godsofegypt/ for the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism's extensive information on Egyptian Deities.
Flibertigibit (Wayland's apprentice)
Beowulf, a hero
Old Finnish deities
There are very few written documents about old Finnish religions; also the names of deities and practices of worship changed from place to place. The following is a summary of the most important and most widely worshipped deities.
Ancient Greek mythology
Dryads, the Fates, the Erinyes, the Graces, the Horae, the Muses, the Nymphs, the Pleiades, the Titans
see also Kami
Modern Western mythology ("Kitchen Gods")
In addition to the gods listed elsewhere, there are several minor mythological beings spoken of in current Western culture and may be taken more or less seriously. These are commonly called Kitchen Gods.
- The Code Fairy - Eats semicolons from source code, causing working computer software to stop working
- The Grim Reaper - A common anthropomorphism of Death
- Hotei - A Laughing Buddha
- Invisible pink unicorn - From alt.atheism, a fictional deity said to be the bane of theists everywhere.
- Lady Luck - Invoked by gamblers
- Mother Nature
- The Parking Fairy - Responsible for finding parking spaces
- Santa Claus - Originally Nicholas of Myra, but later turned into Father Christmas.
- The Tooth Fairy
- The Traffic Light Fairy - Changes the color of traffic lights
- Ahaw Kin - Sun God
- Chac - Rain God
- Yum Kaax - Corn God
- Kukulcan - Feathered Serpent God
- Xbalanque - God of the Jaguar
- Hunah Ku - Creator God
- Xi Balba - God of the Death
- Ix Chel - Moon Goddess
- Itzamna - Reptile Creator God
- Bolon tza cab - Ruling God of All
- Balac - War God
- Bacabs - Gods of the 4 directions
- Balam - Protector God
- Anshar - father of heaven
- Anu - the god of the highest heaven
- Apsu - the ruler of gods and underworld oceans
- Ashur - national god of the Assyrians
- Damkina - Earth mother goddess
- Ea - god of wisdom
- Enlil - god of weather and storms
- Enurta - god of war
- Hadad - weather god
- Ishtar - goddess of love
- Kingu - husband of Tiamat
- Kishar - father of earth
- Marduk - national god of the Babylonians
- Mummu - god of mists
- Nabu - god of the scribal arts
- Nintu - mother of all gods
- Shamash - god of the sun and of justice
- Sin - moon god
- Tiamat - dragon goddess
- Bikeh Hozho
- Yolkai Estasan
Old Prussian / Baltic deities
Sardinian deities, mainly referred to in the age of Nuragici people, are partly derived from Phoenician ones.
- Janas Goddesses of death
- Maymon God of Hades
- Panas Goddesses of reproduction (women dead in childbirth)
- Thanit Goddess of Earth and fertility
Note: Ugarit had a profound influence on Canaanite religion and some influence on the Abrahamic religions, as well.