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  Wikipedia: Maine

Wikipedia: Maine
Maine
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Maine
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Pine Tree State

Other U.S. States
Capital Augusta
Largest City Portland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 39th
86,542 km²
80,005 km²
11,724 km²
13.5%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 40th
1,274,923
15/km²
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

23rd
March 15, 1820
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Latitude
Longitude
43°4'N to 47°28'N
66°57'W to 71°7'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
305 km
515 km
 
1608 meters
180 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-ME
 

Maine is a state of the United States that is named after the French province of Maine. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is ME.

USS Maine was named in honor of this state.

History

Originally settled in 1607, Maine became part of Massachusetts in 1652. Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts and was growing in population at a rapid rate, it became the 23rd state along with Missouri on March 15, 1820. This has become known as the Missouri Compromise because admitting both states into the union kept the balance between slave and free states. Maine's original capital was Portland until 1832, when it was moved to the more geographically central city of Augusta.

Law and Government

The capital of Maine is Augusta and its governor is John Baldacci (Democrat). Its two U.S. senators are Susan Collins (Republican) and Olympia Snowe (Republican).

In June of 2003, the Maine Legislature passed a comprehensive health insurance plan.

Maine's politics is notable for several reasons. In the 1930s it was one of very few states which remained in the control of the republican party. In the 1936 presidential election, Franklin Roosevelt received the electoral votes of all states other than Maine and Vermont. Also, Maine has received "third parties" (political parties other than the democrats and republicans) more favorably than most states). Maine has had two independent governors recently (James B. Longley from 1975 to 1979 and Angus King from 1995 to 2003). The reform party of Ross Perot achieved more success in Maine than in most states in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections, and the green party candidate received 9% of the vote in the 2002 gubernatorial election, more than in any election for a statewide office for that party. Finally, many Maine republicans are noted for having more liberal views than most others in their party, as in other New England states. Famous politicians from Maine include James Blaine, Edmund Muskie, William Cohen and George Mitchell.

See: List of Maine Governors

Geography

See: List of Maine counties

To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. The Canadian province of Quebec is to the northwest. Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region and the easternmost state in the country (the easternmost city in the United States is Eastport, Maine), bordered on the west by New Hampshire. It is the only state that borders exactly one other state. The highest mountain is Mt. Katahdin and the largest lake is Moosehead Lake.

It is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River, owing in part to its huge relative size -- its land mass exceeds that of all other New England states combined. It is appropriately called the "Pine Tree State", as 90 percent of its land is forest. West Quoddy Head is the country's easternmost piece of land. Along the famous rock-bound coast of Maine are lighthouses, sandy beaches, quiet fishing villages and thousands of offshore islands, including the Isles of Shoals, which straddles the state border. Jagged rocks and cliffs, and thousands of bays and inlets add to the rugged beauty of Maine's coast. Inland, there are sparkling lakes, rushing rivers, green forests and towering mountains. Maine's Acadia National Park is the only national park in New England, and the second most visited national park in the United States.

Economy

Maine's total gross state product for 1999 was $34 billion, placing it 43rd in the nation. Its Per Capita Personal Income for 2000 was $25,623, 36th in the nation.

Maine's agricultural outputs are seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, cattle, blueberries, and apples. Its industrial outputs are paper, lumber, and wood products, electronic equipment, leather products, food processing, textiles, and tourism. Aroostook County is known for its potato crops.

Demographics

As of 2000, the state's population was 1,274,923.

Important Cities and Towns

Education

Colleges and Universities

Professional Sports Teams

Miscellaneous Information

Maine has a long tradition of personal self-reliance, and Yankee ingenuity.

  • State bird: Chickadee
  • State flower: White Pinecone and Tassel (not actually a flower)
  • State tree: White Pine
  • State mammal: Moose
  • State insect: Honeybee
  • State song: You Are My Sunshine

Maine is also the name of a place in New York State and one in Wisconsin: see Maine, New York and Maine, Wisconsin.
Maine is also one of the provinces of France before 1790: see Maine (province of France)

See Also

External Links


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona