From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Navahradak is Belarussian of Novogroduk city.Novogroduk's history is very older.Orderly some tribes,Kimmerians(BC 10th century-BC 7th century),Skithians(BC 7th century-BC 2nd century),Sarmatians (BC2nd century-AD 3rd century),Ostrogots(3rd-4th century);Huns(4th-5th century),Avars(5th-7th century) and Khazars(7th-10th century)lived in this region.At first under the control Principatily of Kiev(Ukranian Kyiv,Polish Kijow)in end of the 10th century.
In the 13th century, the fragile unity of Rus' disintegrated due to nomadic incursions from Asia, which climaxed with the Mongol Horde's sacking of Kyiv (1240), leaving a geopolitical vacuum in the region. The East Slavs splintered along preexisting tribal lines into a number of independent and competing principalities. Due to military alliances, dynastic marriages and previous assimilation, the Belarusian principalities gravitated toward the expanding Lithuanians, beginning with the rule of Prince Mindowh (1240-1263). From the 13th to 15th centuries, Baltic, Belarusian and Ukrainian lands were consolidated into the multi-ethnic Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Rus' and Samogitia, with its capital in Navahradak (in western Belarus,) and later in Vilnius (in the Belarusian-Lithuanian borderland). The Lithuanians' smaller numbers and lack of written language or Christian culture in this medieval state gave the Belarusians and Ukrainians a major and important role in shaping Lithuanian political, religious and cultural life, and further assimilation between the Slavs and Balts occurred. Owing to the predominance of East Slavs among the state's population and ties with greater Europe that literacy, Christianity and culture facilitated, Old Belarusian became the official language of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Rus' and Samogitia, used for its official chancery, legal, diplomatic and judicial needs until 1696, when it was eventually replaced by Polish.
Novogroduk become part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth due to Union of Lublin in 1569 and after become part of Russia due to partition of Poland in 1795.In the World War I,her occupied by Germans from 1915 to 1918.End of the war her belonged to Belarussian Republic but Poland occupied her in 1919.After red Army occupied her in Polish-Soviet War but their administration is very shortly because of Poland took back her and due to Riga Threatment,Novogroduk became part of Poland and capital of the Nowogrodek voivodship.But its voivodship belonged to Brzecs voivodship.Soviet troops invaded and then occupied in September 1939 and she became part of the Belarussian S.S.R until 1941.After Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 and belonged to Ostland.German occupation is ended because of Soviet invasion in July 1944.Following the Yalta Conference and Postdam Agreement then Novogroduk became part of Belarus S.S.R that belonged to USSR.USSR rule didn't end until the dissimilaton of USSR in 1991.After the dissimilaton then she belonged to Belarus and become capital of her rayon(Russian district administration unit))in the Grodno oblast(russian province administration unit)