From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said "en-see-double-ay") is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States.
Its predecessor, the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS), was established on March 31, 1906 to set rules for amateur sports in the United States. The IAAUS later became the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910.
The NCAA divides participant schools into three divisions: Division I, Division II and Division III. Under the NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any scholarships to players.
Sports sanctioned by the NCAA include basketball, baseball, and softball as well as lesser known sports such as rodeo and archery.