From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
October 8 is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years). There are 84 days remaining in the year.
- 451 - At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
- 1600 - San Marino adopts its written constitution.
- 1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Perryville - Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
- 1871 - Great Chicago Fire: A large fire in Chicago, Illinois pre-empts news reporting of the Peshtigo, Wisconsin fire, burns 1,200,000 acres in one day, eventually destroys about 17,450 buildings, kills about 250 people and leaves another 90,000 homeless.
- 1871 - In Wisconsin, a forest fire starts to burn across six counties, eventually killing over 1,100 people.
- 1912 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
- 1918 - World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
- 1939 - World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
- 1941 - World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
- 1944 - The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
- 1957 - Walter O'Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
- 1967 - Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
- 1968 - Vietnam War: Operation Sealords - United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
- 1970 - Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
- 1982 - Poland bans Solidarity.
- 1990 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
- 1991 - The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
- 1998 - Oslo Airport Gardermoen opens.
- 2001 - American radio talk show host, Rush Limbaugh announces to his listeners that he is completely deaf in his left ear and only has partial hearing in his right ear
- 2001 - A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118
- 1765 - Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer
- 1887 - Huntley Gordon, pioneer Hollywood actor († 1956)
- 1890 - Edward Rickenbacker, ace fighter pilot († 1973)
- 1895 - Juan Perón, former president of Argentina († 1974)
- 1901 - Doris Allen, Founder of CISV organization († 2002)
- 1917 - Walter Lord, author († 2002)
- 1917 - Billy Conn, boxer († 1993)
- 1920 - Frank Herbert, American science fiction writer († 1986)
- 1922 - Christian Barnard, heart surgeon
- 1926 - Klaus Kinski, actor († 1991)
- 1930 - Toru Takemitsu, composer († 1996)
- 1938 - Fred Stolle, tennis champion
- 1939 - Paul Hogan, Australian actor
- 1940 - David Carradine, actor
- 1941 - Jesse Jackson, American reverend and civil rights activist
- 1943 - Chevy Chase, comedian, actor
- 1943 - R. L. Stine, author
- 1946 - Dennis Kucinich, Congressman and Presidential Candidate
- 1947 - Tony Wilson, bassist, singer
- 1948 - Johnny Ramone, guitarist
- 1949 - Sigourney Weaver, American actress
- 1950 - Robert Bell, bassist and singer with Kool & the Gang
- 1951 - Johnny Ramone, rock and roll musician
- 1954 - Michael Dudikoff, actor
- 1956 - Stephanie Zimbalist, actress
- 1964 - CeCe Winans, singer
- 1965 - Ardal O'Hanlon, Irish comedian
- 1968 - Toni Braxton, singer
- 1970 - Matt Damon, actor
- 1976 - Renate Groenewold, Dutch speed skater
- 1754 - Henry Fielding, author
- 1793 - John Hancock, revolutionary, businessman
- 1869 - Franklin Pierce, President of the United States
- 1944 - Wendell Willkie, politician, candidate for President of the United States
- 1945 - Felix Salten, author (Bambi)
- 1953 - Nigel Bruce, actor
- 1967 - Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- 1972 - Prescott Bush, father of President George H. W. Bush
- 1982 - Fernando Lamas, actor
- 1992 - Willy Brandt, German politician
- 1996 - Mignon G. Eberhart, author
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December - more historical anniversaries