From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. The members of such orders, termed religious as a group, are usually distinct from both the laity and the clergy. They are often termed monks, friars or brothers if male, and nuns or sisters if female.
Some orders practice literal isolation (cloistering) from the outside world; others remain engaged with the world in various ways, often teaching or serving in traditional roles, while maintaining their distinction in other ways. All, however, may be distinguished by vows or disciplines they undertake as members of their orders.
In Buddhist societies such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea and Tibet, there exist strikingly large monastic orders. A well-known Chinese Buddhist order is the ancient Shaolin order in Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism.
Catholic religious orders should be distinguished from Holy Orders, that is to say bishops, priests, and deacons. In the following list of some of the major Catholic orders, each order is listed with the acronym (or "post-nominal initials") commonly used to identify its members.
- Augustinians - O.S.A.
- Benedictines - O.S.B.
- Bridgitines - C.S.B.
- Carmelites - O.C., O.C.D., O.C.D.S.
- Carthusians - O.Cart.
- Cistercians - O.Cist.
- Divine Word Missionaries - D.V.M.
- Dominicans - O.P.
- Franciscans - O.F.M.
- Little Sisters of the Poor
- Congregation of the Holy Cross - C.S.C.
- Missionaries of Charity - M.C.
- Missionaries of the Sacred Heart - M.S.C.
- Oblates - O.M.I.
- Passionists - C.P.
- Redemptorists - C.SS.R.
- Resurrectionists - C.R.
- Sisters of Charity
- Sisters of Mercy - R.S.M.
- Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur - S.N.D., S.N.D.de N.
- Sulpicians - P.S.S.
- Trappists - O.C.R., O.C.S.O.
Other Catholic groups
- Jesuits - S.J.