Please Enter Your Search Term Below:
 Websearch   Directory   Dictionary   FactBook 
  Wikipedia: Peony

Wikipedia: Peony
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


(larger version)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Dilleniales
Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia

The Peony is flowering plant in the Paeonia genus and is a herbaceous perennial shrub and distant relative to the elephant apple that in its non-hybridized form produces large fragrant flowers in shaed of red to white in late spring and early summer. The plant is native to China.

Species of peonies include:

  • Brown's Peony (Paeonia brownii]]
  • California Peony (Paeonia californica)
  • Chinese Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)
  • Peony (common) (Paeonia officinalis)
  • Tree peony (P. suffruticosa) - a non-herbaceous, woody shrub

Folk medicine

"Ebisugusuri", the Japanese name for the peony means "medicine from China." In traditional
folk medicine, peony root was used as a treatment for menstrual cramps, asthma and convulsions.

1800s botanical drawing of a single-flowered peony.
larger view

State flower of Indiana

In 1957, the Indiana General Assembly passed a law to make the peony as the state flower of Indiana. It replaced the zinnia, which had been the state flower since 1931.

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona