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  Wikipedia: Pilgrimage

Wikipedia: Pilgrimage
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Pilgrimage in Hinduism

There are several holy places with great significance to Hindus. Some of these (in India) include:


The first four sites in the list above together comprise the Chardham, or four holy pilgrimage destinations. It is believed that travelling to these places leads to moksha, the release from samsara (cycle of rebirths).

Pilgrimage in Buddhism

Gautama Buddha spoke of four holy sites that followers may seek.

Lumbini birth place
Sarnath (formally Isipathana) where he delivered his first teaching
Bodh Gaya place of Enlightenment
Kusinara (now Kusinagar, India) where he passed away

Pilgrimage in Judaism

Pilgrimage in Christianity

The earliest surviving descriptions of Christian pilgrims and pilgrimage experiences to the Holy Land is from the 4th century.

Conques, France
Lourdes, France
Santiago de Compostela

Pilgrimage in Islam

Pilgrimage to Mecca - the hajj, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It should be attempted at least once in the lifetime of all able-bodied Muslims.

Pilgrimage in the Bahai Faith

Bahá'u'lláh decreed pilgrimage in His Motherbook (Kitáb-i-Aqdas) to two places: the House of Baha'u'llah in Baghdad, Iraq and the House of the Báb in Shiraz, Iran. In two separate Tablets, known as Suriy-i-Hajj, He prescribed specific rites for each of these pilgrimages (lifting the injunction regarding the shaving of one's head for pilgrimage in the Kitáb-i-Aqdas). It is obligatory to make the pilgrimage, "if one can afford it and is able to do so, and if no obstacle stands in one's way". Baha'is are free to choose between the two Houses, as either has been deemed sufficient. And although women are not bound to perform pilgrimage, they are certainly not prohibited to do so.

Later, Abdul'Baha designated the Shrine of Baha'u'llah at Bahji (the Qiblih) as a site of pilgrimage also. No rites have been prescribed for this pilgrimage.

Pilgrimage in Mesoamerica

The concept of pilgrimage was also found in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. Important pilgrimage sites included:
Teotihuacan (still visited centuries after its buildings fell to ruin), said to be where the gods gathered to plan the creation of mankind
Chichen Itza, especially the sacred cenote, a natural well sacred to the rain god Chac, into which sacrifices were thrown.
Izamal, sacred to the creator god Itzamna
Cozumel, sacred to Ix Chel, goddess of the moon and childbirth.

See also: Pilgrim


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona