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Rudolf Maister (1874 - 1934) was a Slovene colonel in Austro-Hungarian army. In 1918, in the finishing days of World War I, he organized local volunteers and took control of the city of Maribor and the surrounding region of Lower Styria, thus securing it for the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
He was also an accomplished poet. His campaigners for the so called northern border are known as Maister's fighters (Slovene Maistrovi borci).