From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of Imperial Russia and Japan in Manchuria and Korea. It resulted in a surprise victory for Japan, establishing Japan as a major world power.
Russian 500 pound shell bursting near the Japanese siege guns, near Port Arthur
Popular discontent in Russia following the defeat led to the Russian Revolution of 1905. The war ended with mediation by the United States. There was discontent among Japanese over the lack of territorial gains; this led to an erosion of good feelings towards the United States.
The defeat of Russia was met with shock both in the West and especially across Asia. That a non-Western country could defeat an established power in such a large military conflict was particularly inspiring to various anti-colonial independence movements around the world. After the conclusion of World War II, some Japanese historians would look back upon the war with nostalgia, especially those who have sought to portray Japan's conduct in the first half of the century as one of leadership in a sustained effort to liberate oppressed Asian peoples and thereby downplay Japan's own imperialistic ambitions throughout the period.
Notes toward an article
Other dates: Relations severed February 4, 1904; war declared Feb. 10; battle of the Yalu c. Apr. 26-May 1; battle of Liaoyang c. Aug. 24-Sept. 4; battle of the Shaho Oct. 9-16; (Dogger Bank incident October 21): Roosevelt offers mediation June 8, 1905; talks open August 10.
[All above dates are New-Style (Gregorian): for conformity, where there are two, use the one that reads 13 days "later" than the other.]
List of battles