From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Sarojini Naidu (February 13, 1879-March 2, 1949) was known as Bharta Kokila (The Nightingale of India) and was a freedom fighter and poet. Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India.
In December 1898, she married Govindrajulu Naidu and they had 4 children: Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheera, and Leilamani.
Naidu says, "When there is oppression, the only self-respecting thing is to rise and say this shall cease today, because my right is justice."
Naidu adds, "If you are stronger, you have to help the weaker boy or girl both in play and in the work."
In March 1919, the British government passed the Rowlatt Act by which the possession of seditious documents was deemed illegal. Mohandas Gandhi organized a resistance movement to protest and Naidu was the first to join the movement which the government worked to suppress.
On May 5, Mohandas Gandhi was arrested. Maidu was arrested shortly thereafter and was in jail for several months. She, along with Gandhi, was released on January 31, 1931. Later that year, they were again arrested. Naidu was eventually released due to her poor health and Gandhi was released in 1933.
- Shall hope prevail where clamorous hate is rife,
- Shall sweet love prosper or high dreams have place
- Amid the tumult of reverberant strife
- 'Twixt ancient creeds, 'twixt race and ancient race,
- That mars the grave, glad purposes of life,
- Leaving no refuge save thy succoring face ?