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Wikipedia: South Carolina
South Carolina
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

South Carolina
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Palmetto State

Other U.S. States
Capital Columbia
Largest City Columbia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 40th
82,965 kmē
78,051 kmē
4,915 kmē
6%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 26th
4,012,012
48/kmē
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

8th
May 23, 1788
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Latitude
Longitude
32°4'30"N to 35°12'N
78°0'30"W to 83°20'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
320 km
420 km
 
1,085 meters
105 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-SC

South Carolina is a southern state in the United States. South Carolina was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. The state is named after King Charles I of England. As of 2000, the state's population is 4,012,012.

USS South Carolina was named in honor of this state.

History and Government

On February 5, 1778 South Carolina became the first state to ratify the first constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation.

South Carolina was the first state which tried to secede from the United States, to form the Confederate States of America, precipitating the Civil War. The initial battle of this war happened at Fort Sumter, which stands on an island in Charleston harbor.

See List of South Carolina Governors, South Carolina Legislature

Geography

See: List of South Carolina counties

South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia, across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city is Columbia. Other important cities are Charleston, Greenville, and Spartanburg.

Gossypium hirsutum
Mature cotton almost read to pick
Manning, South Carolina

South Carolina is composed of four geographic areas, whose boundries roughly parallel the northeast/southwest Atlantic coastline. The lower part of the state is the coastal plain, which is nearly flat, composed entirely of recent sediments such as sand, silt and clay. Its better drained areas make excellent farmland, though some land is swampy. Rising sea has drowned some of the coastline, creating many salt marshes, and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origin of which is uncertain, though a prominent theory is that they were created by a meteor shower. The bays all tend to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation.

Just west of the coastal plain is a thin strip of sand hills which are thought to be remnants of old coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher.

Next comes the piedmont, which is the roots of an old mountain chain that has been almost entirely eroded away. It tends to be hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, except for a few pockets of good farm land. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed, but found wanting and is now reforested. At the edge of the Piedmont is the fall line where rivers drop to the coastal plain. The fall line was an important early source of water power and mills that uses this resource were the stimulous for several cities, including the capital, Columbia. The larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line, so this provided a trade route for the growing fall line mill towns.

The upper part of the Piedmont is also known as the mountain foothills. The Cherokee Parkway has established a very scenic route through this area.

Finally the last geographic province is the mountains, which is only a small part of northwestern South Carolina, but continues into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian chain. Table Rock and Caesar's Head are tourist areas. The Chatooga River is a favorite whitewater rafting place and was the scene of the movie Deliverance.

Education

Colleges and Universities

  • Allen University
  • Anderson College
  • Benedict College
  • Bob Jones University
  • Charleston Southern University
  • The Citadel
  • Claflin University
  • Clemson University
  • Coastal Carolina University
  • Coker College
  • College of Charleston
  • Columbia College
  • Columbia International University
  • Converse College
  • Erskine College
  • Francis Marion University
  • Furman University
  • Greenville Technical College
  • Johnson & Wales University Charleston
  • Lander University
  • Limestone College
  • Medical University of South Carolina
  • Morris College

Professional Sports Teams

Its Minor League Baseball Teams are:

    • Charleston RiverDogs
    • Myrtle Beach Pelicans
    • Capital City Bombers
    • Greenville Braves

External Links


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona