From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
|State nickname: The Mount Rushmore State|
Other U.S. States
|Largest City||Sioux Falls|
- % water
Ranked 17th |
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union
November 2, 1889
Eastern SD in Central, Western SD in Mountain
42°29'30"N to 45°56'N|
98°28'33"W to 104°3'W
340 km |
South Dakota is a state in the high plains of the northern Middle West. It is named after the Lakota (Sioux) American Indian tribe. South Dakota was admitted to the Union on November 2, 1889. North Dakota was admitted on the same day (see Trivia, below).
USS South Dakota was named in honor of this state.
- Area: 77,121 sq. miles
- Population: 754,844 (2000)
- Capital: Pierre
- Counties: 66 (see: List of South Dakota counties)
- Bird: Ring-necked Pheasant
- Flower: Pasque Flower
- Tree: Black Hills Spruce
- Nicknames: Mount Rushmore State
- Slogan: "Great Faces. Great Places."
- Mineral: Rose quartz
- Insect: Honey bee - Apis Mellifera L.
- Animal: Coyote
- Soil: Houdek
- Fish: Walleye
- Gemstone: Fairburn agate
- Dessert: Kuchen
- Drink: Milk
- Grass: Western wheat
See: List of South Dakota rivers
Colleges and Universities
A bill for statehood for North and South Dakota (and Montana, and Washington)
was passed on February 22 1889 during the Administration of Grover Cleveland.
It was left to his successor Benjamin Harrison to
sign proclamations formally admitting North and South
Dakota to the Union on November 2 1889. However, the rivalry
between the northern and southern territories
presented a dilemma: only one, upon the President's
signature on the proclamation, could gain the distinction
of being admitted before the other. So Harrison directed
his Secretary of State James Blaine to shuffle
the papers and obscure from him which he was signing
first, and the priority went unrecorded.
South Dakota license plates are numbered by county, with the first digit referring to the county of origin. Such a numbering system allows one to easily determine where the vehicle was registered. Counties 1-10 are ranked, roughly, by population. 11-67 are numbered alphabetically.
South Dakota is the only state in the United States that does not offer a state-sponsored college tuition program.
The deepest mine in the United States, the Homestake gold mine (now defunct), is in the Black Hills of South Dakota, near the town of Lead. It's shaft plunges more than 8,000 feet beneath the surface.
South Dakota is home to the largest indoor, naturally heated, swimming pool in the world. Evans Plunge, heated from natural mineral springs, is in Hot Springs.
The largest and most complete fossil of Tyrannosaurus rex ever found was uncovered near the city of Faith, in 1990. Named "Sue," the remains are over 90 percent complete.