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Yoshihito, the Taisho Emperor (August 31, 1879 - December 25, 1926, r. 1912-1926), was the 123rd Emperor of Japan. He was the surviving son of Emperor Meiji by Yanagiwara Naruko, a lady-in-waiting at the Imperial Palace. Emperor Meiji's consort, Empress Shoken (Haruko), was officially regarded as his mother. He received personal name of Yoshihito and the title Haru no miya (Prince Haru) by the emperor on September 6, 1879. He was officially declared heir apparent on August 31, 1887 and had his formal investiture as crown prince on November 3, 1888.
On May 25, 1900, Crown Prince Yoshihito married Sadako (b. at Tokyo June 25, 1884, d. at Omiya Palace, Tokyo May 17, 1951), the daughter of Prince Kujo Mitchitaka [peer], the head of the five senior branches of the Fujiwara clan. The marriage produced four sons:
- The future Emperor Showa (Hirohito), b. April 29, 1901, d. January 7, 1989; married Princess Nagako (b. March 6, 1903, d. June 16, 2000), eldest daughter of Prince Kuni Kuniyoshi; and had issue.
- Prince Chichibu (Yasuhito), b. May 26, 1902, d. January 4, 1953; married September 28, 1928 Miss Matsudaira Setsuko (b. September 9, 1909, d. August 25, 1995), eldest daughter of Mr. Matsudaira Tsuneo, sometime Japanese ambassador to Great Britain and the United States, and imperial household minister; no issue.
- Prince Takamatsu (Nobuhito), b. March 1, 1905, d. February 3, 1987; married February 4, 1930 Tokugawa Kikuko (b. December 26 1911), second daughter of Prince Tokugawa Yoshihisa [peer]; no issue.
- Prince Mikasa (Takahito), b. December 2, 1915; married Octeober 22, 1941 Yuriko (b. June 6, 1923), second daughter of Viscount Takagi Masanori.
Upon his death, he was succeeded by his son, Hirohito.
Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor
|List of Japanese Emperors||
Hirohito, the Showa Emperor
See also: Taisho period