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  Wikipedia: Turkish language

Wikipedia: Turkish language
Turkish language
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Turkish is a Turkic language, which serves as a national language for 47 million speakers in Turkey and 61 million speakers world-wide. Turkish is also known as Türkisch or Anatolian. The Turkish name for the language is Türkçe.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" align="right" width="300" ! colspan="2" bgcolor="#DDDDDD" style="font-size:120%"|Turkish (Türkçe) |- | valign="top"|Spoken in: |Turkey |- | valign="top"|Region: | - |- | valign="top"|Total speakers: |61 Million |- | valign="top"|Ranking: |19 |- | valign="top"|Genetic
classification: |Altaic
 Turkic
  Southern
   Turkish
    Turkish |- ! colspan="2" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"|Official status |- | valign="top"|Official language of: | valign="top"|Turkey |- | valign="top"|Regulated by: | valign="top"| - |- ! colspan="2" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"|Language codes |- |ISO 639-1||tr |- |ISO 639-2||tur, ota |- |SIL||TRK |}

Classification

Turkish is a member of the Turkish family of languages, which includes Balkan Gagauz Turkish, Gagauz, and Khorosani Turkish in addition to Turkish. The Turkish family is a subgroup of the Southern Turkic languages, which is a member of the Altaic language family.

Geographic distribution

Turkish is spoken in Turkey and 35 other countries. The Turkish used in countries such as Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania and Uzbekistan is also called Osmanli.

Official status

Turkish is the official language of Turkey.

Dialects

Dialects of Turkish include Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa.

Sounds

One of the characteristic features of Turkish is vowel harmony (if the first vowel of a Turkish word is a front vowel, the second and other vowels of the same word are usually the same vowel or another front vowel; e.g. Erdem),

Grammar

Turkish, like Finnish and Hungarian, is an agglutinative language. It is known for having an abundance of suffixes and very few prefixes. Word order in Turkish is Subject Object Verb, which is different from English and most other Indo-European languages.

Writing system

Turkish is written using a modified version of the Latin alphabet. See Turkish alphabet.

External links


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona