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Wikipedia: Yemen
Yemen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.

'''‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭﯾّﺔ ﺍﻟﯿﻤﻦ‬
Al-Jumhuriyyah al-Yamaniyah'''
(In Detail) (In Detail)
National motto: Xxxxx
Official language Arabic
Capital SanaŠ
President Ali Abdullah Saleh
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 48th
527,970 km²
Negligible
Population
 - Total (2003)
 - Density
Ranked 53rd
19,349,881
37/km²
Unification May 22, 1990
Currency Yemeni rial (YER)
Time zone UTC +3
National anthem United Republic
Internet TLD .YE
Calling Code967

History

Main article: History of Yemen

North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. Egypt under Nasser aided the southern Marxist Yemen force militarily, including the use of chemical weapons, specifically mustard gas and perhaps an organophosphate nerve agent, against royalist troops in North Yemen. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Yemen

Governorates

Main article: Governorates of Yemen

Geography

Main article: Geography of Yemen

Economy

Main article: Economy of Yemen

Yemen, one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, reported strong growth in the mid-1990s with the onset of oil production, but was harmed by low oil prices in 1998. Yemen has embarked on an IMF-supported structural adjustment program designed to modernize and streamline the economy, which has led to foreign debt relief and restructuring. Aided by higher oil prices in 1999, Yemen worked to maintain tight control over spending and implement additional components of the IMF program. The high population growth rate of 3.4% and internal political dissension complicate the government's task.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Yemen

Culture

Main article: Culture of Yemen

Holidays
DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks
January 1New Year's Day- 
May 22Day of National Unity-Celebrates Unification of Yemen
September 26Revolution Day 1963--
October 14National Day--
November 30Independence Day--
-Eid al-Adha-date varies
-Eid al-Fitr-date varies
-Muharram-date varies
-Lailat ul-Miraj-date varies
-Prophet's birthdayMoulouddate varies

Miscellaneous topics

External Links


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona